13.782 billion at August 2016.

Age Groups

  • 0-14 years: 16.6% (222,459,737)
  • 15-59 years: 70.14% (939,616,410)
  • Aged 60 or more: 13.26% (177,648,705)

The labour age population started to decline in 2012. The elderly population will reach its peak in 2050.

Gender Ratio

  • Total population: 1.052 male: 1 female
  • Baby: 1.18 boy: 1 girl
  • 0-14 years: 1.18 male: 1 female
  • 15-64: 1.06 male: 1 female
  • 65 years or more: 0.91 male: 1 female

China now has 33 million more men than women in 2014.

Life Expectancy

  • Average life expectancy: 74.37 years
  • Male: 72.65 years
  • Female: 76.09 years (2012 forecast)

Ethnic Groups

There are 56 recognised ethnic groups in China. Unity among ethnic group and regional autonomy for ethnic groups are major policies for ethnic minorities in China.

91 percent of the population is made up of the Han ethnic group who live mainly in the central and coastal regions. Other large ethnic groups include: Zhuang, Man, Hui, Miao, Uyghur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, and Tibetan. The majority of the ethnic minority groups live in the western, the southwestern and northern regions.

Many ethnic minority groups follow their own traditional religions, for example, Tibetan Buddhism of the Tibetans and Mongolians and Islam of the Uyghur.


More information about demographics can be found at: Government Official Population Stats 














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